# Dividing Polynomials - Definition, Synthetic Division, Long Division, and Examples

Polynomials are mathematical expressions that consist of one or several terms, all of which has a variable raised to a power. Dividing polynomials is a crucial working in algebra that involves figuring out the quotient and remainder when one polynomial is divided by another. In this blog, we will investigate the various techniques of dividing polynomials, including synthetic division and long division, and offer examples of how to utilize them.

We will further talk about the importance of dividing polynomials and its applications in multiple fields of mathematics.

## Importance of Dividing Polynomials

Dividing polynomials is an important operation in algebra which has multiple utilizations in many domains of mathematics, including number theory, calculus, and abstract algebra. It is utilized to figure out a wide array of problems, including finding the roots of polynomial equations, calculating limits of functions, and working out differential equations.

In calculus, dividing polynomials is utilized to figure out the derivative of a function, that is the rate of change of the function at any moment. The quotient rule of differentiation consists of dividing two polynomials, that is used to find the derivative of a function that is the quotient of two polynomials.

In number theory, dividing polynomials is applied to learn the features of prime numbers and to factorize huge figures into their prime factors. It is also utilized to learn algebraic structures such as fields and rings, that are basic theories in abstract algebra.

In abstract algebra, dividing polynomials is applied to specify polynomial rings, which are algebraic structures which generalize the arithmetic of polynomials. Polynomial rings are used in multiple domains of math, involving algebraic geometry and algebraic number theory.

## Synthetic Division

Synthetic division is a technique of dividing polynomials that is used to divide a polynomial by a linear factor of the form (x - c), where c is a constant. The method is founded on the fact that if f(x) is a polynomial of degree n, then the division of f(x) by (x - c) gives a quotient polynomial of degree n-1 and a remainder of f(c).

The synthetic division algorithm involves writing the coefficients of the polynomial in a row, using the constant as the divisor, and working out a series of workings to work out the quotient and remainder. The outcome is a simplified form of the polynomial that is easier to function with.

## Long Division

Long division is a technique of dividing polynomials that is used to divide a polynomial with any other polynomial. The method is based on the reality that if f(x) is a polynomial of degree n, and g(x) is a polynomial of degree m, at which point m ≤ n, next the division of f(x) by g(x) offers uf a quotient polynomial of degree n-m and a remainder of degree m-1 or less.

The long division algorithm includes dividing the highest degree term of the dividend by the highest degree term of the divisor, and subsequently multiplying the answer with the whole divisor. The result is subtracted of the dividend to get the remainder. The process is repeated as far as the degree of the remainder is less compared to the degree of the divisor.

## Examples of Dividing Polynomials

Here are few examples of dividing polynomial expressions:

### Example 1: Synthetic Division

Let's assume we need to divide the polynomial f(x) = 3x^3 + 4x^2 - 5x + 2 with the linear factor (x - 1). We could use synthetic division to simplify the expression:

1 | 3 4 -5 2 | 3 7 2 |---------- 3 7 2 4

The outcome of the synthetic division is the quotient polynomial 3x^2 + 7x + 2 and the remainder 4. Therefore, we can express f(x) as:

f(x) = (x - 1)(3x^2 + 7x + 2) + 4

### Example 2: Long Division

Example 2: Long Division

Let's say we need to divide the polynomial f(x) = 6x^4 - 5x^3 + 2x^2 + 9x + 3 by the polynomial g(x) = x^2 - 2x + 1. We can use long division to streamline the expression:

First, we divide the largest degree term of the dividend with the largest degree term of the divisor to get:

6x^2

Next, we multiply the total divisor by the quotient term, 6x^2, to obtain:

6x^4 - 12x^3 + 6x^2

We subtract this from the dividend to attain the new dividend:

6x^4 - 5x^3 + 2x^2 + 9x + 3 - (6x^4 - 12x^3 + 6x^2)

which streamlines to:

7x^3 - 4x^2 + 9x + 3

We recur the method, dividing the largest degree term of the new dividend, 7x^3, by the highest degree term of the divisor, x^2, to achieve:

7x

Subsequently, we multiply the total divisor by the quotient term, 7x, to obtain:

7x^3 - 14x^2 + 7x

We subtract this of the new dividend to get the new dividend:

7x^3 - 4x^2 + 9x + 3 - (7x^3 - 14x^2 + 7x)

which simplifies to:

10x^2 + 2x + 3

We repeat the procedure again, dividing the highest degree term of the new dividend, 10x^2, with the highest degree term of the divisor, x^2, to obtain:

10

Subsequently, we multiply the entire divisor by the quotient term, 10, to get:

10x^2 - 20x + 10

We subtract this of the new dividend to achieve the remainder:

10x^2 + 2x + 3 - (10x^2 - 20x + 10)

that simplifies to:

13x - 10

Hence, the outcome of the long division is the quotient polynomial 6x^2 - 7x + 9 and the remainder 13x - 10. We could express f(x) as:

f(x) = (x^2 - 2x + 1)(6x^2 - 7x + 9) + (13x - 10)

## Conclusion

In conclusion, dividing polynomials is a crucial operation in algebra which has multiple utilized in various domains of math. Getting a grasp of the various techniques of dividing polynomials, for example synthetic division and long division, can guide them in figuring out intricate challenges efficiently. Whether you're a learner struggling to get a grasp algebra or a professional operating in a field that involves polynomial arithmetic, mastering the ideas of dividing polynomials is essential.

If you need support comprehending dividing polynomials or anything related to algebraic concept, think about connecting with us at Grade Potential Tutoring. Our expert tutors are available remotely or in-person to offer customized and effective tutoring services to support you succeed. Call us right now to schedule a tutoring session and take your mathematics skills to the next level.